Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

32-bit vs 64-bit

- refers to the processing power of a computer. All modern Macs; since at least 2012, will run in 64-bit. However some PC's may still be 32-bit only. For music software, running on a 32-bit system will only allow up to 4GB RAM to be utilised by any one application. If you have many plug-ins loaded within your music host/DAW, 4GB of RAM to share between them, can be very limiting to your projects. Whereas a 64-bit system allows full utilisation of the available system RAM within any application. Also see: RAM | Plug-in | Music Hosts/DAWs

A

Acid Wav

- "Acidized" Wav files contain tempo and key information, so that Acid and other programs that can read the "acidization" can properly time stretch and pitch shift them. Also see: Apple Loops | Rex | Sampler formats | Sample Library

Apple Loops

- a tagged form of aiff audio file, which allow for easy categorisation of the files, as well as including enhanced abilities to pitch map and time stretch the audio. Although called Apple Loops, the apple loop format actually supports loops, phrases and single-hits. Also see: Acid Wav | Rex | Sampler formats | Sample Library

AU

- AudioUnit. A plug-in format for Mac OS. Originally released in 32 bit, however modern systems now run in 64 bit. Compatible music hosts/DAWs include: Logic Pro X, GarageBand and AbletonLive (Mac edition). Also see: 32 bit vs 64 bit | Plug-in | Music Hosts/DAWs

C

Connect Download Manager

- Time+Space use the Connect Download Manager to take care of downloading and expanding your download files. All products hosted directly by Time+Space can be downloaded through the Connect application. Other 3rd party titles, will come with their own method of installation. Further instructions are included upon purchase. Also see: RAR | Continuata

Continuata

- The development company behind the Connect Download Manager. Also see: Connect Download Manager

L

Lossless compression

- the ability to make files smaller while allowing for the data to be expanded/uncompressed back to the original state. Also see: RAR | NCW | Lossy compression

Lossy compression

- the abilitiy to make files smaller. Lossy is useful when the smallest size possible is the goal, and so reduction quality is not as important. For putting more MP3 files on a portable player, for example. Also see: Lossless compression

M

MIDI

- Musical Instrument Digital Interface. A standardised protocol, designed in the early 1980's, in a collaborative effort by leading keyboard developers; Roland, Yamaha, Korg and Kawai. The MIDI protocol was designed to ensure all released music hardware technologies, regardless of the manufacturer, could communicate with each other, using the same language and connection cables. MIDI was designed so well, that it is still in its 1.0 release version. This is made more impressive still, when you compare it against modern software, with their endless version updates. Also see: MIDI Keyboard | Maschine | Music Hosts

Music Hosts / DAWs

- a Music Host or Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) is the term applied to hosting software which can be used to build music compositions and capture audio recordings. All major hosts support MIDI input, to allow for virtual instruments to be played and captured within a music project. Major hosts include: Logic Pro X, Ableton Live, Pro Tools, Cubase, FL Studio, Digital Performer and many more. Also see: MIDI | Virtual Insturment | Sample Library

N

NCW

- Native Compressed Wave files. A lossless compressed audio format created by Native Instruments for Kontakt. Also see: Lossless compression

P

Plug-in

- software application which is formatted to run inside of a music host/DAW. Plug-in formats include: VST, AU, RTAS and AAX. Some virtual instruments also work in standalone. Also see: Standalone | Music host/DAWs

R

RAM

- Random-Access Memory. A temporary storage location for system data, which is taken from the computer harddrive and made available for the processor. Usually once an application is loaded into RAM, it is quicker to reload the second time. All RAM is cleared when a computer is turned off or restarted.

RAR

- a type of file compression, similar to the more commonly known .zip files. Larger RAR files can be split over multi-parts, allowing for smaller download streams. For example, a 20 GB download, can be split into 20 x 1 GB parts, adding stability to the download connection. Also see: Lossless compression

Rex

- REX is the native file format of ReCycle, made by Propellerhead. A REX file contains the original audio of the loop, spliced into small pieces, to allow for enhanced time stretch and pitching abilities. Rex files can be loaded into all major music hosts/DAWs, as well as supported in Native Instruments Kontakt and Spectrasonics Stylus RMX. Also see: Acid Wav | Apple Loops | Sampler formats | Music hosts/DAWs | Sample Library

RTAS and AAX

- plug-in formats for AVID Pro Tools. RTAS was slowly superseded by AAX over Pro Tools 10- 11 due to the RTAS language being limited to 32-bit only. Pro Tools, to much of their community’s dislike, were one of the last major music hosts/DAWs to upgrade to a 64-bit application. AAX was initially released alongside RTAS as an alternate 32-bit plug-in format. While then later, in Pro Tools 11, AVID dropped the RTAS format and unleashed the AAX 64-bit format.

S

Sample Library

- a collection of audio samples, which will usually cover loops, phrases and sometimes single-notes/hits. A sample library allows for access to precomposed material, which can be added into a music project. A sample library can come in many formats, including Apple Loops, Acid Wav, Rex and other sampler formats. Also see: Apple Loops | Acid Wav | Rex | Sampler Formats | Virtual Instruments

Sampler Formats

- sampler is a term given to a hosting environment (hardware or software) that takes in 3rd party audio files and allows usage of them in a creative output. A Sampler Format, can vary in file type, but is just an input file format. Many samplers can utilise straight Wav and Rex files, but can also require proprietary formats. Such as: exs24, halion, (Kontakt) nki. Software samplers can be loaded into music hosts/DAWs and used as a virtual instrument, as well as many being able to be used as a standalone application. Also see: Virtual Instrument | Music hosts/DAWs | EXS24 | Halion | Kontakt Files | Standalone

Standalone

- a term used to describe a software application that does not require any additional hosting software to run. A standalone music software program usually allows for audio output and MIDI input, as well as usually including limited recording functions. This can be on both Mac and PC, but it is worth checking the system requirements for specific product compatibility. The standalone version comes in handy for live projects, for when you do not require all the functions of a music host/DAW.

V

Virtual Instrument

- the term given to a software application that allows for the ability to play and compose with a virtual version of an instrument. This is opposed to a sample library, which would contain loops and pre-made phrases. Virtual instruments can come as a plug-in; to be used inside of a music host/DAW, or as a standalone application. Also see: Plug-in | Standalone | Music Host/DAW | Sample Library

VST

(Virtual Studio Technology) A software interface that integrates Virtual Audio Synthesizers and Effects Plugins with audio editors, recording systems and DAW's.